What is Mental Toughness?

Mental Toughness describes the mindset that every person adopts in everything they do. It is closely related to qualities such as character, resilience, grit, etc. The MTQ48 measures these qualities.

Most psychometrics focus on the measurement of behaviours (how we act) and attributes (how we feel) – mental toughness looks at how we think which is a key driver for the development of behaviour and attributes Research carried out under the direction of Professor Peter Clough of Manchester Metropolitan University has identified the four key components of Mental Toughness. These are called the 4 Cs. Watch some videos on Mental Toughness

Mental Toughness Pizza

How can we assess Mental Toughness using MTQ48?

We are able to assess mental toughness in terms of these 4 C’s in individuals and groups through a unique 48 item high quality psychometric measure (MTQ48). It is normative which enables users to assess mental toughness before and after an event such as a training & development or coaching programme. The MTQ48 provides a highly effective and user friendly set of reports designed for optimum impact in a wide range of scenarios.

The 4 C’s

Mental Toughness Scales

The initial research has now been independently validated through studies in Canada, Italy as well as the UK. This and numerous case studies from around the world show that Mental Toughness is a major factor in:


Explaining up to 25% of the variation in performance in individuals

Positive Behaviour

More engaged, more positive, more “can do”


More contentment, better stress management, less prone to bullying


More ambitious, prepared to manage more risk

Can we develop Mental Toughness?

Instinctively the answer is “we can”. Sports psychologists and sports coaches would argue that they have been doing this for many years with significant evidence of success. More practically, the answer still appears to be “yes we can”. One key question is “are we changing someone’s mental toughness or can we simply equip someone with tools and techniques that enable them to behave as a mentally tough person might behave”. The answer appears to be that, where the individual wants to change or develop it is possible to change one’s core mental toughness. We are not suggesting that anyone must develop their mental toughness. For those who see a benefit in their life or their work, there may be a good reason for developing mental toughness without necessarily becoming very mentally tough. There does seem to be some valuable advantages in life and work for those who are more mentally tough than most. The value of the model and the MTQ48 measure is that it can help to identify which aspects of one’s mental toughness are preventing or hindering them from attaining, achieving well-being or leading a more positive life. Self-awareness is the key here.

Our Six Interventions of Mental Toughness

Six Interventions of Mental Toughness

Check out the options below for developing Mental Toughness

Pin It on Pinterest