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Mental Toughness


Mental toughness describes how individuals deal mentally with stressors, pressure and challenge. It applies to everything that people do and embraces qualities such as mindset, character, resilience and grit.   

Professor Peter Clough initially identified four key components of Mental Toughness – the 4 Cs – Control, Commitment, Challenge and Confidence. We are now able, through research, to see that these consist of 8 independent factors. We can measure this with the MTQPlus. 

How We Can Help 


Most personality measures focus on assessing behaviours (how we act) and attributes (how we feel) – the MTQPlus and MTQ48 explore how we think a key driver for behaviour and emotions. Both are normative measures, the test results for an individual are compared to a global norm group. This provides the capability to assess change and growth in Mental Toughness reliably. 


Included in the MTQ48 and MTQPlus are three separate feedback reports; development, coaching and assessor.


It is possible to create self-awareness about one’s level of Mental Toughness and, through this to optimise a person’s performance, agility and wellbeing. AQR and its partners have created options for developing Mental Toughness in individuals and teams through coaching and development programmes. 

Frequently Asked Questions


What is the research behind your assessments?

There are now circa 80 peer-reviewed academic papers which support the mental toughness concept. It is estimated that 75% of all research around the world on mental toughness is now focused on the 4Cs model. We take great pride in evidence-based practice and supporting our high-quality assessments.


Do you recommend books on Mental Toughness?


How long does it take to become a licensed user?

Our online-only licensed user training takes around 10 hours to complete at your own pace. Our blended programme takes around 16 hours, including a full day of training with one of our tutors over a video call.


Can I purchase a Mental Toughness Questionnaire without becoming a licensed user?

Yes. Bureau service involves AQR handling all of the administration of the tests. However, if you are planning on testing and providing feedback to several candidates, it is more cost-effective and easier to handle feedback if you are a licensed user

Get Started Today

Are you interested in joining our global network of licensed users? Or simply assessing and developing your own Mental Toughness?